A bionic prosthesis is bioelectric and myo-electric, it operates by using special myo-sensors to read the electrical potential generated during exertion by the preserved hand muscle tissues. Myo-sensors that ensure the correct reading of this electrical potential consist of sensitive electrodes. They transmit a readable signal to the microprocessor, the brain of the entire prosthesis that processes the received information using computer algorithms. As a result, the microprocessor, based on the received signal, in a fraction of a second forms commands and sends them to the motors that also actuate the active parts of the prosthesis.
At this time, the bionic prostheses are divided into two types: